Art and Culture

Khajuraho originally had 85 temples, but only 25 now stand in varying states of preservation. The Khajuraho temples are made of sandstone. The builders didn't use mortar: the stones were put together with mortise and tenon joints and they were held in place by gravity. This form of construction requires very precise joints. The columns and architraves were built with megaliths that weighed up to 20 tons . Most of sculptures in the temples are identical in shape and designs made of sandstone brought from Panna on the east bank of Ken River. The sculptures are divided into five broad categories. First cult-images, second family and associated with it, third categories apsaras (beautiful heavenly women), fourth of domestic scenes, teachers, disciples dancers and musicians and finally fifth animals and beasts. Ancient Indian Art and ritual practices were based on the reality of life involving Karma (destiny) and Kama (carnal ecstasy) together. The belief was fulfillment of both functions, way to attain moksha (spiritual way to heaven). And Moksha was the ultimate objective of human being. Moksha means to them was success of birth on earth. Fulfillment of sexual and spiritual act was the path towards the objective of life on earth. Sex was as sacred as other holy rituals. Spiritual exercise was yoga and physical exercise as bhoga. Together, was the path to Moksha (deliverance and way to heaven).